Overview: Romans Ch. 1-4


Paul’s letter to the Romans it’s one of the longest
and most significant things ever written by the man who was
formerly known as Saul of Tarsus. He was a Jewish rabbi belonging
to a group known as the Pharisees and he was passionate and
devout to the Torah of Moses and the traditions of Israel. And he saw Jesus and
His followers as a threat. But then he had a radical
encounter with the risen Jesus who commissioned him as an apostle, like official representative to the world of non-jewish people called Gentiles In the Bible. And so we started going
by his Roman name Paul. And he traveled all around
the ancient Roman Empire telling people
about the risen King Jesus. And forming His followers then into these new
communities called churches. And Paul occasionaly write
letters to these new Jesus communities to help them foster their
faith or answer questions; and the book of Romans is one of these. It was actually written
quite late in his career. Now we know from the book of acts that the church in Rome
had existed for some time, that it was made up of Jewish
and non-jewish followers of Jesus. But at one point the
Roman Emperor Claudius had expelled all of the
Jewish people from Rome. And then about five
years later all of those Jews including Jesus following
Jews were allowed to return. And when they did they found a church that had become very
non-jewish in custom and practice and so this created lots of tension, so that by Paul’s day the
Roman Church was divided. People disagreed
about how to follow Jesus, they were debating about
whether non-Jewish Christians should celebrate the Sabbath or eat cosher or be circumsized. And so Paul wrote this
letter to accomplish a few things. He wanted this divided
church to become unified. And for a practical purpose he was hoping that the Roman Church
could become a staging ground for his mission to go even
further west all the way to Spain. And so these circumstances
are what motivated Paul to write out his fullest
explanation of the gospel the good news that he was announcing about Jesus’s life,
death and resurrection. Now the letter is designed
to have four main movements but its unified as one long
flowing exploration of the gospel. The gospel, Paul says, first of
all reveals God’s righteousness. And then it also creates a new humanity which fulfills God’s promise to Israel. And so it’s this gospel
that’s going to unify the church. In this video we’re just going to explore the ideas in chapters one through four. So Paul opens by
introducing himself as an apostle appointed by God to
spread the gospel about Jesus; how he’s the Messiah of Israel who was raised from the dead as the Son of God, King of the nations. And Jesus now calls all humanity to come under His loving rule. And Paul says this good
news about King Jesus is first of all God’s power to
save people who trust in Him. And second that it
reveals God’s righteousness. Now, righteousness is a rich
Old Testament word for Paul; it describes God’s character that He always does justice
what is right and what is good but also that He is faithful
and just to fulfill His promises. And Paul saying
that the story of Jesus shows how God has done both of these things. How? We goes first into
a long creative retelling of Genesis chapters 3 through 11. He shows how all the
Gentile world all the nations have become trapped in the
spiral of sin and selfishness; the human heart and
mind are broken Paul says. We’ve turned away from
God to mbrace idolatry, which means finding ultimate
significance in created things and then giving ultimate allegiance to these things that are not God. This results in a distortion of our
humanity and destructive behavior. And so what’s left is a humanity that stands guilty as charged before a just and righteous God to which the people of Israel might say: well it’s a good thing then that God chose our people
out from among the nations, He saved us out of slavery in Egypt, He gave us the laws of the Torah like the Sabbath and
eating kosher and circumcision; and these altogether show us
how to live as God’s holy people. But Paul says not so fast; he recalls the storyline of the Torah and of the rest of the Old Testament which shows that Israel
was just a sinful and idolatrous and morally broken
as the rest of humanity. Israel is actually more guilty
than the Gentiles, Paul says, because they have the
Torah they should know better. And so Paul concludes: all humanity Gentiles, Israelites are hopelessly trapped
and guilty before God. But… that is not the final word. The good news about
Jesus is God’s response. Instead of holding humanity guilty Jesus came as Israel’s Messiah to die on behalf of all
people as a sacrifice for sins, As our representative
Jesus took into himself all of the just consequences of
the pain, the sin and the death that we have caused in the world. And He overcame it all by
His resurrection from the dead; it’s His new resurrection life that he makes available to others. Jesus became what we are so that we might become what He is. And all of this Paul says
is how God justifies those who trust or have faith in Jesus. Now justification is another
rich Old Testament term for Paul and it’s related to God’s righteousness. It literally means to declare righteous. Because of what Jesus did on our behalf we are given a new status before God: instead of finding us guilty God declares that a person is in a right
relationship with Him and is forgiven. Justification results in a new family: the person who trust in Jesus is given
a place among God’s covenant people. Justification also results in a new future which begins a journey of
life transformation by God’s grace. And so all of these things
about justification are God’s gift to those who through
their faith are in Christ. And so this leads Paul in chapter
4 to explore the huge implications that all of this has for who can be a part
of God’s covenant family. He goes back to the story of
Abraham in Genesis chapter 15: before any of the laws of
the Torah were given to Israel Abraham was justified or
declared righteous before God. How? Will God promised
that Abraham would become a father of a large multi-ethnic family that would receive God’s blessing. But he and his wife
Sarah they were really old and they had never
been able to have children. But nonetheless Abraham had radical faith and trust in God’s promise. And so God declared him to be righteous. And so Paul says now Abraham has become
the father of God’s new covenant family and it’s spreading all around the world. It’s made up of Jews and Gentiles who have the same kind
of faith and trust in the One who fulfilled God’s promise to Abraham, Jesus the Messiah. So let’s pause and summarize Paul’s main ideas here
in chapters 1 through 4 because they’re the foundation for
understanding the rest of the letter. All humanity is hopelessly trapped in sin and needs to be rescued. That rescue however is not going to happen by people trying to
obey the laws of the Torah. Rather God’s righteous
character has moved him to rescue the world through
Jesus’ death and resurrection. So that He could create that
multi-ethnic family of Abraham based on faith as His
own new covenant people. And so Paul is going to go on to show how this new family is a part
of something much much bigger that caused them to a
whole new way of life together. But it’s all going to be
rooted in these core ideas explored in chapters one through four of Paul’s letter to the Romans.

100 Replies to “Overview: Romans Ch. 1-4

  1. – Romans 8:11 –  But if the Spirit of HIM (GOD) that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, HE that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by HIS Spirit that dwelleth in you.

  2. Faith; gods relationship with Abraham was considered rightiousness through faith. Faith is not what man interprets, it Is what Bible says.

  3. I am very confused and seek some clarity. On Facebook an individual had shared a collage of photos of me and his statement to it goes as follows ( hi" is there anything in the bible to say that's true" yes. Romans chapter 4. It's a man thing "smiling" happy New year. ****please help me understand is he saying that I am a righteous woman or is he blasting me saying I am not.?

  4. I want to use the part of the image in this video in our banner and bulletin, will it be okay for us to use it? or will it be illegal?

  5. We still have to obey Commandments.

    You see then that a man is justified by works, and not by faith only.
    James 2:24

    Faith without work is dead. We need both Faith & Obedience.

    Here is the patience of the saints; here are those who keep the COMMANDMENTS of God and the FAITH of Jesus.
    Revelation 14:12

    Jews did not believe in Messiah and yet they obey law to earn salvation. Only Yahusha can give salvation. Eve we are physical children of Abraham and genuinely obey law, but not believe in Christ the law will condemn us for wages of sin is death. That's why Yahusha came to wipe our REQUIREMENTS of law (not law) which is death penalty from men. Col. 2:14.

    Yah saved Israelite from Egpty by GRACE and they have to go to promised land. But there were in the wilderness after being saved. Torah which given to them later to DIRECT them towards promised land. Torah is NOT to save them for they already saved! Likewise Christians we also saved from sin and now we have to journey towards our promised land which is eternal life by obey Torah. 600000 men got saved from Egypt but only 2 who obeyed entered Canaan.

    Salvation doesn't bring us to heaven. Salvation only can deliver us OUT from slavery!

    Blessed are those who do His COMMANDMENTS, that they may have the right to the TREE OF LIFE, and may enter through the gates into the city.
    Revelation 22:14

    Yahusha said: If you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.
    Matthew 19:17

    Blessings

  6. Bible project really helps me alot to understand more about the Bible. I can easily discern what the Bible wants to tell us.

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  8. Absolutely brilliant. The way it becomes a cross at min 6:57 wowey. Just really great work overall guys. Such a difficulty i had with Romans and finally i am getting more unbiased answers from you guys. Thanks a ton 🙂 May God bless you guys and let him give you the grace to carry on the wonderful work 🙂

  9. Really Romans chapter has been explained in such a transparent way that a beginner can get through it easily. I am reading currently Romans chapter and going to and fro multiple times trying to understand the depth of word in this chapter. This video made my study more understanding. Thank you Bible project team. God bless you

  10. I’m an atheist. Prove that the Bible is true, and not a fictional story. I want discussion, not hatred.
    Feel free to ask any questions, and if they are serious, I will do my best to answer them.

  11. Congratulations for this work! Do you thinked to do a series about Paul uniting the story in Acts with your letters?

  12. Esau can not be part of our family to day they are known at white people and jewISH people posing as true Jews

  13. Jews are Judah Benjamin Levi gentiles are considered the 10 lost tribes in Genesis 49. Circumcised are the southern tribes and uncircumcised are the northern tribes. It doesn’t mean other nations. Scripture is only talking about Israel the 2 kingdoms

  14. I didn’t know what to think of Roman’s when my pastor first read it and explained, because it didn’t add up with other things I had read, that at during the end time when Christ collects his followers that it’ll depend on your belief in him AND your works. So I wasn’t sure but I feel a little more open about it now. As a matter of fact Roman’s says trust in christ alone and your saved. You don’t need to face your sins yourself as long as you have him

  15. This is cool, how does God use Abraham without any form of atonement? 🤔
    Was it based on works alone?
    Thank you

  16. Better understanding after watching these videos thank you so much.. 🙏 still got to read everyday keep growing in christ.. 🙌🙏

  17. It's amazing how God takes a Christian hating Pharisee and transforms him into Apostle Paul who wrote most of the New Testament. Our God is an Awesome God!!!

  18. Abraham was declared righteous before he believed (Gen 15;1). Faith accounted for righteousness is not the beginning of justification or a righteousness which justifies completely. Abraham believed in God for a long time (starts in Gen 12) before he had any righteousness accounted for faith (Gen 15:6). Jews and Gentiles had faith accounted for righteousness prior to Christ so Rom 4:5 has nothing to do with Christianity specifically. It is saying that Abraham and the heirs to his promise have 'faith accounted for righteousness' in common and not circumcision. Jews and Gentiles were sons of the promise given to Abraham prior to Christ so again, Rom 4 has almost nothing to do with Christianity specifically except for the end of it.

    You guys have bodgy theology.

  19. Hello, I would like to know the sources you used for this information and how exactly you found out that the roman church was divided, motivating Paul to write this letter. Thanks!

  20. I just found these videos. I am so thankful for them! It's really easy for me to understand. I feel a lot better about talking about the bible now!

  21. Why do you only discuss idols (1:22 – 1:25) and not the homosexual sin (1:26 – 1:32)? It is discussed by Paul in much greater detail than the idol worship.

  22. A Satirical take on the Epistle to the Romans: Chapters 1,2~Paul's, writings are often a Projection of Paul's Personality and Experience; he begins talking about God's wrath, judgment, and that men are without excuse (I think paul himself was an angry man and he was without excuse for his murders & he was under God's wrath/judgment which is why he received the death penalty later for violating God's law/6th commandment).  Ch. 3~ Paul uses the word "boasting" which he says is excluded-yet Paul likes to Boast about his heritage, his sufferings, experience, his authority/ministry, and is generally very self-centered in his other writings. It seems like Paul is later mentally ill or crazy when he says, "I do not do the things I want to do, and do the things I do not want to do."

  23. You just skipped over very important verses where he talks about sin and natural unnatural sex?? Please explain that

  24. Righteousness meaning legal.
    Gods delight is in righteousness, meaning God’s delight is following his own laws.
    So, pursuant to the “law of faith” the ransom sacrifice was excepted by God therefore faith became God‘s power, legal power, and that is why at John 1:18 Jesus declares anyone that exercise is faith in him will not be judged, it’s simply an amnesty from judgment, a gift.

  25. proverbs 29;18 Where there is no vision, the people cast off restraint; but he that keepeth the law, happy is he.

  26. This channel has been a great blessing to when i have time to set down and read right away i just watch one of these quick vids and ands its intresting helps me understand more then go back read later it helps

  27. The video says "the man formerly known as Saul of Tarsus…" This name change is a common misconception that is not biblically grounded. 9 times in the book of Acts, after God's intervention on the road to Damascus, Paul is referred to as Saul. Acts 13:9 "But Saul, who was also known as Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, fixed his gaze on him" The Bible clearly refers to him as Saul, filled with the Spirit. Saul had a Jewish name and a Greek name, him being a Roman citizen and a Jew of the tribe of Benjamin. Paul was always Saul and vice versa, there was no name change.

  28. Sauls name wasn’t changed when we got saved. That’s not said in Scripture. Paul and Saul rather were names he used interchangeably.

  29. I would like to ask you a few questions on your belief.

    Why does Christianity celebrate Christmas if the Messiah was not born Dec 25th? (I have been told by pastors and other Christians it is a date chosen because we don’t know for sure when He was born). Answer found in Luk1&2.

    How is it then that you celebrate Easter, but it is impossible to get 3 days and 3 nights(Mt 12:40) from Good Friday to the 1st day. Answer found in Lev 23.

    How is it that you will follow the sacraments of the church but discard the ordinances of our Heavenly Father? ie: Scriptural feasts. Lev 23/Dt16

    Why is it that you won’t call Our father by His Sacred Hebrew Name which He wrote with His own finger in stone(Ex 31:18)? Instead call Him Lord a pagan deity – Baal (Jer 23:27)? (commanded in Ex 20)

    Why do you refuse to call our Messiah by His Sacred Hebrew Name, but insist on a Greek pagan Name Jesus. (The letter “J” did not exist more than 500 years ago). I have come in My Father’s Name Joh 5:43. Do you see Jesus in Lord? But I do see Yahusha in Yahuah. Which means Yahuah saves!

    Why do you not keep the 7th day Sabbath, which is the eternal covenant sign Yahuah has with His people? (Ex 31) But choose the 1st day? But a Sabbath remains for the people of Elohim. (Hebr 4:9)

    Where exactly in Scripture was the Sabbath changed to the 1st day? Where Yahuah used around a 100 words (depending on translation) to make sure we will remember.(Ex 20). Even in His death and resurrection He kept the Sabbath.

    Psa 89:34  “I shall not profane My covenant, Neither would I change what has gone out from My lips.

    You will also find in the following verses He says He changes NOT! Mal 3:6; Tit 1:2; James 1:17; Hebr 6:17

    According to my Scriptures we are to obey His Word and walk as He has walked. If you say you know Him and do not as He commanded? You are a liar according to your Bible.

    1Jn 2:3  And by this we know that we know Him, if we guard His commands.

    1Jn 2:4  The one who says, “I know Him,” and does not guard His commands, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.

    1Jn 2:5  But whoever guards His Word, truly the love of Elohim has been perfected1 in him. By this we know that we are in Him.

    1Jn 2:6  The one who says he stays in Him ought himself also to walk, even as He walked.

    So how did our Messiah walk?

    He kept the commandments, the 7th  day Sabbath; He called His Father by His Sacred Name; He observed the Scriptural feasts, He wore tzitzits and ate kosher.

    And you profess to claim your messiah Jesus changed all this? After He lived the example by obeying all of Torah, His disciples obeyed these commands after His death just like Yahusha Messiah did.

    Mat 5:17  “Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to complete

    Mat 5:18  “For truly, I say to you, till the heaven and the earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall by no means pass from the Torah till all be done.

    All had to be fulfilled that was written in the….

    Luk 24:44  And He said to them, “These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all have to be filled that were written in the Torah of Mosheh and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me.” (In other words the whole OT)

    And at some point Christianity was born, after our Messiah ascended into the heavens. And it all changed!!! How? When? And why? would our Messiah Yahusha have His Name changed and every example He lived for us to follow? Would it not have been clearer if He changed it while He was on earth with us?

    Of course not, because He does not change!!!

    Joh 14:15  “If you love Me, you shall guard My commands.

    Rom 3:31  Do we then nullify the Torah through the belief? Let it not be! On the contrary, we establish the Torah.

    Shalom

    Jacob

  30. "Jesus became what we are, so we could become what he is" – i like that. 😊. Praise and Glory be to Yeshua.

  31. In the old days the Jews were more guilty of sin than the rest of the world because they knew better, this is easy to see. Now today we believers are most guilty because we know better. And the more we know…

  32. Love this video! Exactly what Jewish believers and Gentile believers need to understand. WE are one in Yeshua the Messiah!

  33. Thank you for this video! I was confused about what the Scripture was saying, so I think God led me here.

  34. These videos are AMAZING!!! I show them to my church group made up of boys and girls in their teen years and the animation, subject matter, and length of the videos are absolutely perfect!! Thank you for making such amazing videos to teach about the Bible.

  35. Thank you for your video. This is not an easy scripture to teach and many people will avoid the subject altogether.

  36. ISAIAH 45 – ROMANS
    “Woe to him who strives with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth! Shall the clay say to him who forms it, ‘What are you making?’ Or shall your handiwork say, ‘He has no hands’?” (Isaiah 45:9)

    WORDS BY: JESUS

    "The world consists of two images – those of the image of the Former and those of the image of the reformer. My Father is the Former of mankind and the devil is mankind’s reformer. The devil cannot create but only contort which is why when My Father said, “Let Us make man in Our image according to Our likeness,” that became the enemy’s dread and it has been his duty ever since to twist and corrupt that image. Your duty as a believer is to make sure this doesn’t happen and make sure you are being renewed day by day into My image. The path of least resistance, where you do not find yourself striving against My hand, is the key to allowing Me to mould you into My image. Resistance to light was the cause of Lucifer’s fall and it becomes yours when you choose denial. Remember that every knee will bow and every tongue will confess My name either in this life or the next. You must view confession as the agreement of your heart not the words of your mouth; for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. What you confess now makes a difference in which image you are being moulded into.

    There are many things the reformer will do to stop you growing spiritually. The answer to this is found in both Isaiah 45:22 and Romans 10:13 – Look to Me and be saved for whoever calls upon My name shall be saved. Make this your confession. From whatever trouble you face know that I am your answer and I will lead you to the path of victory. As long as you look to Me and not strive with Me, you will be transformed by the renewing of your mind as I will gladly mould you into the image of your heavenly Maker."

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