Overview: Hebrews


The letter to the Hebrews: The author of this letter is anonymous and people have wondered for long time whether Paul wrote it maybe one of his co-workers like Barnabas or Apollos but really we just dont know. In chapter 2, we discover that the author had a first-hand relationship with the disciples who were themselves around Jesus. So, we know that this letter is anchored in teaching of the apostles. We also don’t know who the audience of this letter was or even where they lived. The author knows them really well and he assumes that they have a thorough knowledge of the Old testament scriptures, especially the storyline of the first 5 books of the bible or the Torah. About how Abraham’s family became the nation of Israel, about how Moses led them out of slavery in Egypt to mount Sinai where they received the Torah and they made a covenant with God where they built the tabernacle, where the priests offered sacrificies and also about how they wandered through the wilderness on their way to the Promise Land. The author just expects that the readers know all of the details about these stories and so most likely the audience is made up of Jewish Christians that´s where the name of the letter comes from. We also have clues from chapter 10 that this church community was facing persecution and even imprisonment because of their association with Jesus. Some in the community were walking away from Jesus and abandoning the faith all together and this explains the purpose and the structure of this letter. First there´s a short introduction which is followed by four sections where the author compares and contrasts Jesus with key people and events from Israel´s history. Jesus is first compared with angels in the Torah, second with Moses and the Promised Land. Third with priests and Melchizedek and lastly with the sacrifices in the covenant and the author has two main goals in all of these contrasts. The first goal is to elevate Jesus as superior to anyone or anything else. Showing that Jesus is worthy of all their trust and devotion, But the second goal is this, is to challenge the readers to remain faithful to Jesus despite persecution. So in every section he includes a strong warning, not to abandon Jesus. So lets dive in now and see how this all unfolded. The elevation of Jesus begins in the opening sentence of the introduction. In the past God spoke to our ancestors in many different ways but in these last days, he has spoken to us in his Son. So the author is saying that Jesus is superior to all of the previous ways that God has revealed himself to Israel. He then makes this astounding claim that Jesus is the radiance of God´s glory and the exact imprint of God´s nature. These metaphores are making the closests possible identification between Jesus and God So Jesus is what the rays of light are to the sun. Where Jesus is what the wax impression is to the signet ring. For this author there is no God apart from Jesus. Jesus is God become human as the Son and it’s this elevated view of Jesus that´s then explored troughout the rest of letter. In the first section the author compares Jesus with angels which might strike you kind of odd, like why angels? In Jewish tradition it was taught based on deuteronomy chapter 33 verse 2 that the Torah and the word of God were delivered to Moses at mount Sinai by angels. And so by saying Jesus is superior to angels the author is claiming that Jesus and his message of good news are superior to all previous messangers of God word. And so the first warning flows from this great point. If Israel was called to pay attention to the Torah that was delivered by angels how much more should we pay attention to the message that was announced by the Son of God? And not only that. Given Jesus´ status high above angels how remarkable is it that he gave up that high status to become human to suffer and to die. in Jesus we see God´s greatest glory and God´s great humillity as Jesus sympathetically joined himself to humanity´s tragic fate. In chapters 3 and 4 the author moves on to argue that Jesus is superior to Moses who led the people of Israel through the wilderness and built the tabernacle. Jesus is also the leader of God´s people but in Him we see not the builder of just a tent but of all creation. then the author retells the story of how the israelites rebelled against Moses in the wilderness and they lost their chance to enter into the rest that God offered them in the Promised Land and so here comes the second warning. If Jesus is greater than Moses how much higher are the stakes if we rebel against him? We also are in a wilderness-like environment where we have to trust God for the future rest in God´s new creation. So lets make sure that we don´t rebel like Israel did in the wilderness and lose out on God´s gracious offer to enter his new creation. in chapters 5 trough 7 the author then compares Jesus with Israel´s priests that come from the line of Aaron. Their role was to represent Israel before God and to offer sacrifices that atoned for or covered over for the sins the sins of the people but he points out, the priests were themselves morally flawed people and so they constantly had to offer sacrifices for their own sins as well as for everybody else’s. Something more was needed, and so he then argues that Jesus was that something more. He’s the ultimate priest. But Jesus did not come from the line of Aaron, rather Jesus was a priest in the order of Melchizedec, that misterious priest king from ancient Jerusalem and he appears in the stories about Abraham. We also find in Psalm 110 that the messianic King from the line of David will be a priest in the order of Melchizedec. So the authors whole point is this, Jesus is the ultimate priest King, He´s morally flawless , He´s eternal available for his people, and so He´s superior to any other mediator between God and and humans. And thus comes his warning in this section. To reject Jesus is to reject one´s best and only chance to be fully reconciled to God, so don´t do that. Which transitions us into the last comparison in chapters 8 through 10. The author shows how Jesus´ death on the cross was the ultimate sacrifice, superior to all the animal sacrifices offered in the temple. Those sacrifices had to be offered constantly, both daily but also yearly on the Day of Atonement. Jesus offered his life once and for all, and was sufficient to cover the whole world. And so the author warns the audience from walking away from Jesus, its like turning your back on a gracious offer of God´s forgiveness, why would you do that? Jesus´ sacrifice is permanent he says, and its the foundation for the new covenant spoken of in the prophets were all sins are forgiven. So, now that the author has elevated Jesus through all of these contrasts, this final section is one big challenge to follow Jesus. So think big picture; In Jesus they have found God´s very word, in Jesus they have hope for the new creation, Jesus is their eternal priest, He´s the perfect sacrifice, and so now they should follow all te great models of faith found throughout the story of the scriptures and they should remain faithful to Jesus trusting that despite whatever hardship of persecution, God will not abandon his people. That´s the basic flow of thought throughout the letter which the author call right here at the very end “a brief word of exhortation.” Here a couple of extra tips for reading this letter. Whenever the author quotes from the Old Testament scriptures, which is like every other sentence stop, and go look up the reference and read that quotation in its original context and sometimes you´ll be puzzled but more often you´ll see all kinds of extra, cool conections that you would never notice otherwise, it´s totally worth the effort. You should also just know that these warning passages, they´re going to make you unconfortable and that´s kind of the point. They are not there to make you afraid, they are there to show you that rejecting Jesus is foolish because He´s so awesome. These warning all serve the larger purposes of the letter; To show that Jesus is the ultimate revelation of God´s love and mercy. And that´s what the letter to the Hebrews is all about.

100 Replies to “Overview: Hebrews

  1. Website: www.thebibleproject.com
    Explore our videos: https://thebibleproject.com/explore/
    Download resources: https://thebibleproject.com/other-resources/
    Listen to podcasts: https://thebibleproject.com/podcasts/the-bible-project-podcast/
    Donate: https://thebibleproject.com/donate/

    Follow us:
    instagram.com/thebibleproject/
    twitter.com/JoinBibleProj
    facebook.com/jointhebibleproject/
    Subscribe: youtube.com/thebibleproject

    Thank you to all of our generous supporters!

  2. You have helped me so much. I am reading through the Bible for the first time. I tried before but I didn鈥檛 have a reading plan and I gave up. I have been reading since January and I am really going to make it this time. Your Bible book introductions have really help me understand and get more out of each Book. I love the drawings because I am visual learner. This is so good, please be encouraged and think about explaining topic like. The Beattitudes, the Sermon On the Mount,etc..

  3. Every single time: concise but never sacrificing comprehensiveness. Tip of the cap to you at the Bible Project. Cyber hugs all around!

  4. This way of explaining something with pictures is amazing, I am so grateful for this videos and I wish there were videos like this for all my classes haha

  5. I've read Hebrews for close to 40 years and never got the Big Picture presented in this video. Thanks! It is a great jumping off point for deeper study of this book.

  6. I DO LIKE THIS VIDEO, BUT MY ONLY DISLIKE IS FROM THE 3:00 TO 3:15 MIN PART ABOUT CHAPTERS 1-2 , IT WAS NOT AN ANGLE WHO GAVE MOSES THE LAWS, IT WAS GOD HIMSELF. GOD INSCRIBED WITH HIS OWN FINGER THE COMMANDMENTS INTO THE STONE TABLETS. IT WAS FROM TALKING TO GOD HIMSELF THAT MADE THE FACE OF MOSES GLOW. IT WAS GOD HIMSELF WHO ALLOWED MOSES TO SEE HIS BACK SIDE AS HE PASSED BY MOSES BECAUSE HE WISHED TO SEE GOD BUT GOD SAID NO ONE COULD SEE HIS FACE AND LIVE SO HE ALLOWED HIM A BRIEF PASSING VIEW OF HIS BACK SIDE. IM NOT SURE IF THE BIBLE PROJECT CREW GOT THIS FROM A DIFFERENT TRANSLATION OTHER THAN THE KJV OR THE NASB, LIKE MAYBE THE NIV, BUT MY BIBLES SAY IN DEUTERONOMY 33:2 THAT THE (LORD) CAME FROM SINAI, NOT AN (ANGLE)..

  7. 讻专讱 讙 ': 讻专讱 讗', 讻专讱 讗 ', 注诪', 专 ': 讻专讱 讗' YET, HYPOCRISY, 诇讗 PUN 诪讻讜讜谞转, "HIPPO 讻专讬住讟 诇诪讛?", 诪谞住讬诐, 注诇 转专讘讜讬讜转 专讘讜转, 讗砖专, 讛专住. 转诪爪讬讜转 爪诪讞讜谞讬讜转 拽砖讜转. 诇转专讘讜转 讛注讘专讬转 讛讝讗转 讛讬转讛 住讜讘诇转. 诇诪讛 诇讗 诇砖诪讜讞 讗转 讛砖诪谉? "

  8. Love your videos the only disagreement I have is the warnings in Hebrews against apostasy should absolutely make the reader afraid. The writer isn't just saying it would be foolish to reject Jesus because he is awesome or he would have used some other illustration other than the eternal suffering of the fallen angels as the example. These judgment portions of scripture are not suggestions they are commands and our generation likes to either avoid them completely or make them seem like a friendly suggestion. God is love and He is awesome but we shouldn't soften what He doesn't soften.

  9. What are you saying at 0:36 especially the first 5 books of the bible of the 鈥渢orba鈥 is what Is it Torah you are saying? Ur videos are great help thanks a lot god bless

  10. 馃晩Jesus is the only Savior. No one goes to the Father except through the Son 鉁濓笍Jesus Loves 鈾ワ笍you all 鉁濓笍馃晩

  11. Some good points missed Jesus was the law giver to Moses. the broad scope of the letter also the interest New Testament was and is a book of example. Therefore the law/ teachings was given to Israel to recognize there savior when he arrived. The didn鈥檛 because of there man made tradition via Babylonian Talmud which is the commandments contained in ordinances subtraction by addition. Fast forward today modern Christians abrogate aspects of the teachings by the wrong headed idea that Jesus somehow took away via tradition. God is the same god today yesterday and forever seek out all so called changes try the spirits see if the are from god. If the truth hurts it鈥檚 what needs to take place. Remember the law of Moses don鈥檛 let iniquity rob you of your rewards

  12. I WAS CRYING BECAUSE I CAN NOT UNDERSTAND HEBREWS… I AM STILL CRYING BECAUSE NOW IT IS CLEAR TO ME! PRAISE TO BE TOMY GOD WHO USED THIS VIDEO TO HELP ME UNDERSTAND HIS MESSAGE TO ME!

  13. Hey can you talk about the Tree Of life that was in Genesis when God created Adam and Eve. Is there any spiritual significance to God placing man in front of the tree telling him to eat it or is that just something dealing with mythology? Please!?

  14. Yeshua is Absolute…… Either He is or He's not…… Can't be kind of pregnant……. Can't be afraid to lose your feel gooders…..

  15. Just Wanted to share something I learned see what your think (Please Read)
    (John 8:56-58) [56]Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad. [57] Then the Jews said to Him, "You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?" [58] Jesus said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM."

    (Genesis 14:18-20) [18] Then Melchizedek King of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was the Priest of God Most High. [19] And he blessed him and said: "Blessed be Abraham of God Most High, Possessor of Heaven and earth; [20] And blessed be God Most High, Who has delivered your enemies into your hand." And he gave him a tithe of all.

    MELCHIZEDEK KING OF SALEM(PEACE) is JESUS!!! How can you tell check this out, 1st) where is Salem? no where because its not a place(and no not the city in Massachusetts lol) Salem means Peace Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, PRINCE OF PEACE. 2nd) He brought out BREAD & WINE {Communion The Body & Blood of Christ} 3rd) Abram gave Him TITHE of all he had. Lastly two points A. In Hebrews 5:5-6 Jesus was named by GOD as HIGH PRIEST and B. Hebrews 7:1-4 Without Father or Mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God.

  16. May God bless you for this work! You helping millions of Christians around the world to fall inlove with the word of God.

  17. Thank you so much, each of you, for all the excellent work that went into this. What a beautiful gift this is…and so helpful and clear. Thank you for the exhortations at the end as well. Thank you very much.

  18. Thank God for allll he has done for you and dont reject him because it is not right and listen to his warnings when somthing bad happens and just listen period Aman.

  19. Good book you don't know who the audience is, doesn't it say hebrews, but the hebrews rejected him as the son of God

  20. We are all sons of God and Jesus includes the respect God is in control that I have been talking to God that I can see if I can be dedicated to the best of my ability, faith that surpass the same expectations of the product and failing man's costly to get back what God wants moderation to get the bigger picture of the fee for the people who have stolen from God and His handiwork providing payment is dumb to the same place government created man's ability to get the bigger picture like FEMA or red Cross and the result of the acts of God distracted by the sins of father who is working for men and women who serve ego based on THEORY

  21. Walking a Christian walk is hard. But I tell you the hardest thing in life is not having Jesus in your life. Get to know him.

  22. ive seen many say that Malchizedek was a Christophany… what are your thoughts on this? I notice you didn't go into detail about this mysterious character

  23. Great Job! Bible Project Team for this simple but an excellent overview of the books of the Bible. Thank you and God bless you.

  24. Deuteronomy 33:2 is not corret verse!!! Moses did not reeived the Ten Commandments from an angle but from GOD alone!!!

  25. Thanks very much for your great videos. I tend to watch them before I start a new book in my morning Bible reading times and it helps me get a rough idea of what's happening before I dive in.

  26. Thanks for this. I strongly recommend the exposition of Hebrews by Andrew Murray, titled 'THE HOLIEST OF ALL'. Brother Murray shows how the High Priesthood of Christ in heaven enables believers to daily lead a life of faithfulness and power, joy and peace, even now whilst we are in the world. So many believers are content with merely being saved, but that is really only the starting point of what God wants to do for us and in us. The risen and ascended Lord Jesus has sent down His Spirit to indwell all believers and enable us to live lives of obedience, to recognise and overcome temptation, and to love righteousness and hate sin. The Lord while in the world lived in total obedience to His heavenly Father's will, and the same Spirit which filled Him is in us too. We are sanctified through faith, just as we are saved through faith. Please get a copy of Murray's wonderful book. You won't regret it!

  27. I Believe The Apostle Paul Is the One who Wrote The Book of Hebrews Because of the Style of Paul's Writings..

  28. Simply put, it is awesome. I am going through these videos again and again. It helps me to understand more about the Bible.

  29. Very helpful… thankyou Bible project. These videos help me understand the 10梅 of whatever book im reading that i didnt understand when i read it before. Thankyou and God bless you for helping people having a stronger understanding of the Lords word. Praise and Glory be to Yeshua Hamaschiach. 馃檹

  30. Parfait ! Merci a vous pour le beau travail que vous faites, s茅rieux et appliqu茅e, bien mis dans son contexte !
    Merci !

  31. Glory and praise to God for the Ultimate Revelation.
    Thank you for sharing this.
    鉂わ笍鉁岋笍鉂わ笍

  32. ISAIAH 58 – HEBREWS
    鈥淚s this not the fast that I have chosen: To loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, to let the oppressed go free, and that you break every yoke? (Isaiah 58:6)

    WORDS BY: JESUS

    "Have you ever wondered why your Christian walk may seem to lack the full results it needs? It is because you are not walking in the level of rest yet. To enter My rest means to enter into a level of maturity where you no longer have to strive and work to attain results, for you are already walking in the manifest fruits of it. You will rest in the fruits of your labour as My Father did on the seventh day. This can only come through a lifestyle of prayer and fasting. Understand that prayer and fasting are not acts but a lifestyle of submission and devotion. Prayer is not putting your hands together and praying to Me, nor is fasting a day to afflict your soul by abstaining from food. Prayer is a constant devotion to Me and fasting is a lifestyle of dying to self and the old man. The two together work hand in hand and this is when you will see greater results in your life. Given the authority My disciples had, they still could not cast the devil out of the lad because that kind come out not but by prayer and fasting, or in other words, abiding.

    If you desire to loosen the bonds of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, to let the oppressed go free and break every yoke, then you must learn to abide in My presence daily. It鈥檚 a priest鈥檚 duty to abide, not follow a set of rules at a time of need. This is the mistake many make as they clock on when the time is fitting and off when it鈥檚 over with. When your heart is set upon the things of Me then you will enter My rest. Therefore, come boldly before My throne that you may receive grace in time of need and that there will be no kind that you cannot deal with. This is a fast that I have chosen."

  33. The Torah was "delivered by angels"!? I need to read the Torah again because I thought God himself gave the Torah to moses.馃

  34. I just forward someone's opinion in the Indonesian translation Bible Project. That in minutes 3: 35-3: 50 it is said that the Torah was written by angels on Mount Sinai … this contradicts Deuteronomy 5:22 that God (Yahweh) wrote 10 Torahs on the tablets of stone

  35. Thank you for your excellent presentation. There is only one point that I鈥檇 ask you to reconsider: Jesus died not to cover our sins but rather to take them away completely (expiate). Keep up the good work. Blessings.

  36. Hebrew
    you must not be fooled to kill your brother.
    讗住讜专 砖转诇讱 砖讜诇诇 诇讛专讜讙 讗转 讗讞讬讱.

    讗谞讬 讗讜诪专 诇讱 讻讬 讘讗讜转讜 讗讜驻谉, 诪诇讗讻讬诐 讬砖诪讞讜 讘砖诪讬诐 注诇 讞讜讟讗 讗讞讚 讗砖专 驻讜谞讛 讗诇 讗诇讜讛讬诐 诪讞讟讗讬讜 讬讜转专 诪讗砖专 转砖注讬诐 讜转砖注 爪讚讬拽讬诐 砖讗讬谉 诇讛诐 爪讜专讱 诇讞讝讜专 讘转砖讜讘讛. 诇讜拽住 15: 7

    讗讚诐, 谞讗诪专 诇讱 诪讛 诪拽讜讘诇 讜谞注讬诐 讜诪拽讜讘诇, 诪讛 讗诇讜讛讬诐 讚讜专砖 诪诪讱 – 诇讗 讬讜转专 诪讗砖专 爪讚拽, 讗讛讘讛 讜讞住讚 诇诇讻转 讟讜讛专 注诐 讗诇讜讛讬诐 砖诇讱. 拽讜诇讜 砖诇 讗讚讜谞讬! 讛讜讗 拽讜专讗 讗诇 讛注讬专 – 讜讝讜 讛讞讜讻诪讛 诇驻讞讚 诪砖诪讱 … "转拽砖讬讘 诇讛诪转谞讛 讗诐 讬讝诪讬谉 讗讜转讜 … 注讚讬讬谉 专讜讜讞 讘讘讬转 讛专注 讗谞讬 注讚讬讬谉 诪讻专讬讝 注诇 拽砖拽砖讬诐 转诪讬诪讬诐, 诪砖拽讜诇讜转 讜转讬拽讬诐 诪讝讜讬驻讬诐 .. 讗谞砖讬诐 注砖讬专讬诐 诪诇讗讬诐 讘讗诇讬诪讜转, 诪讬讻讛 6: 8-12

    讻讬 讗诐 讗诇讜讛讬诐 讬砖 专爪讜谉 诇诪注砖讛 讻讬 讗转讛 爪专讬讱 诇住讘讜诇, 注讚讬祝 砖讗转讛 住讜讘诇 注诇 诪讛 讟讜讘 诪讗砖专 诇注砖讜转 讛专注. – 1 驻讬讟专 3:17

    讗诐 讛爪讚讬拽讬诐 讘拽讜砖讬 谞诪住专讬诐, 诪讛 讙讜专诇 诪讞讻讛 专砖注 讜讞讟讗?" 讗讝 转谉 诇讗诇讛 讛住讜讘诇讬诐 注诇 驻讬 专爪讜谞讜 砖诇 讗诇讜讛讬诐 诇讛驻拽讬讚 讗转 注爪诪诐 讛讘讜专讗 讛谞讗诪谉 注诇 讬讚讬 诪诪砖讬讱 诇注砖讜转 讗转 诪讛 砖讟讜讘. – 1 驻讬讟专 4: 18-19

    驻专讬 砖诇 爪讚讬拽 讛讜讗 注抓 讞讬讬诐, 讜讛讜讗 诪谞爪讞 讞讻诐 砖诇 谞砖诪讜转. 讗诐 讛爪讚讬拽讬诐 谞讬爪诇讜 讗转 讘讗专诇讬 讻讗谉 注诇 驻谞讬 讛讗讚诪讛, 诪讛 诪讞讻讛 诇讞讜讟讗讬诐 诪专讜砖注讬诐? 诪砖诇讬 11: 30-31

    讗住讜专 诇讱 诇讗 诇讟注讜转 讜诇讗 诇讚讻讗 讗转 讛讝专 讛讞讬 讘转讜讻讱, 讻讬 讗转讛 注爪诪讱 讛讬讜 讝专讬诐 讘讗专抓 诪爪专讬诐. – 砖诪讜转 22:20

    讜讗讻谉, 讗诐 诪讬砖讛讜 谞讜转谉 专拽 讻讜住 诪讬诐 拽专讬诐 诇讗讞讚 讛拽讟谞讬诐 讛讗诇讛 讻讬 讛讜讗 讞住讬讚 砖诇讬, 讻谉! – 讗谞讬 讗讜诪专 诇讱, 讛讜讗 讘讛讞诇讟 诇讗 诇讗讘讚 讗转 讛驻专住 砖诇讜! "- 诪转讬 10:42

    讘讜讗讜 讬讚讬讚讜转 讗讞讬诐 诇讛诪砖讬讱, 讗讘诇 诇讗 诇砖讻讜讞 诇讛讬讜转 讬讚讬讚讜转讬 诇讝专讬诐; 讻讬 讝讛 讗讬讱 讻诪讛 讗谞砖讬诐, 讘诇讬 诇讚注转 讗转 讝讛, 诪讘讜讚专 诪诇讗讻讬诐. 讝讻专讜 讗转 讗诇讛 砖谞讗住专讜 讻讗讬诇讜 讛讬讬转诐 讘讻诇讗 讗讬转诐 讜注讜讘专讬诐 讗转 讗讜转讜 谞讬住讬讜谉 – 注讘专讬讬诐 13: 1-3

    讬砖 诇谞讜 讛专讘讛 诪讛 诇讜诪专 注诇 讛谞讜砖讗 讛讝讛, 讗讘诇 讝讛 拽砖讛 诇讛住讘讬专, 讻讬 讗转讛 讞讬讬讘 诇讛讬讜转 讗讬讟讬 讘讛讘谞讛.诇诪专讜转 讗诐 讻讬 讛驻注诐 讗转讛 爪专讬讱 诇讛讬讜转 诪讜专讬诐, 讗转讛 爪专讬讱 诪讬砖讛讜 讬诇诪讚 讗讜转讱 讗转 讛注拽专讜谞讜转 讛专讗砖讜谞讬诐 砖诇 讛诪讬诇讛 砖诇 讗诇讜讛讬诐 砖讜讘 ! 讗转讛 爪专讬讱 讞诇讘, 诇讗 诪讝讜谉 诪讜爪拽! – 讛注讘专讬诐 5: 11-12

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *