Introduction to Scopus: Analyzing and Visualizing Scholarly Research

Alright well
thank you for coming my name is Jessica McClean, I am a
subject librarian here at Alkek. The subjects I work with are engineering,
engineering technology, chemistry, physics and material science. Earlier this
year I had the opportunity to take an online course for librarians where I got
certified in using Scopus. This is the first time I’m going to be teaching this
session, so hopefully it goes well and I would appreciate your feedback later on
at the end. When you signed up, it may have been an hour one session, I did
extend it to 90 minutes so if you need to leave out for the hour, no problem. We are
recording, I have hit record so we will have a record of this later on if you need to
catch the last session or two. So a little outline on what we’re gonna cover
today. I’m going to give you a brief introduction to the Scopus database. What’s in there,
why you would want to use it, the benefits of it versus other competitors.
Then we’re going to have their own create an account, if you haven’t already
there are some great benefits to creating an account: Saving researches,
monitoring your alerts, claiming your own author profile. And then we’ll hit these
main points of the main features of the database. I’ll be doing a quick
introduction, a couple of demonstrations, and then I’ve written up a couple of
quick activities for you to try just to get a little bit more comfortable using
each of these things. Since we are recording and we have some people on
zoom as well, if you could hold your questions until the end of each section. We’ll try
and address those then, just so I stay on track I’m not going to take too long on
this and I will be watching the chat as well in case there any questions remotely. So, what is Scopus? Scopus is an index
database. The purpose of which is to kind of look at the research landscape from
above, looking at connections between research, connections between researchers,
and connections between affiliations or organizations to kind of see what kind
of trends there are within research and between different subject areas. Since
we’re looking at these broader terms these broader subjects, these broader
bodies of work, this is not necessarily a database I would send an undergraduate
to for their five source research paper. You will certainly find articles in this
database that you would want to cite in your research, but generally we’re
looking more at the bigger picture. What is interesting about Scopus is the way
it selects its content.You can see here they have 24,000 active titles from
5,000 publishers a total of 75 million individual
items. And the way those are selected is from their independent advisory board, so
there are international experts around the world who come together to select
what they consider to be the most important titles and their subject area.
That’s what’s included in Scopus, so you may find some unusual things in there,
some smaller journals that maybe are not quite as well known.
You’re certainly gonna get a good international variety of content and so
this really prides itself on its metadata so we’ll look at that in a little bit too.
Looking quickly at Scopus compared to one of its competitor databases, web of
science, they both have a similar purpose. Both are looking at kind of the impact
of research, the reach of a particular paper or the amount of citations it gets, but there are a couple of key differences between them. A
similarity that I have noticed since I made this is that they do actually use
the exact same color of orange and their branding which seems strange with their
competitors. So, Scopus is owned by Elsevier, which if you’re not familiar, is
one of our big academic publishers. It integrates really well to other Elsevier
products including Science Direct Engineering Village. I mentioned those
specifically because I worked with those subject areas, but still this is not a
science database. It includes a really wide variety of subject areas. It is science
heavy, but it’s certainly not science exclusive. Web of science has a similar
problem we had people from Clarivate Analytics, which owns that database, come
to visit us and said they wish that was not the name of the database because
it’s also not just science. Clarivate analytics is part of Thomson Reuters.
Web of science has a platform that integrates a lot of different databases
as well and it’s also built into the EndNote desktop software. The key
difference I think between the two is the way they select their content, we
already talked about Scopus. How its experts selecting specific titles. What
happens then is Scopus uses their specific metrics sites for SJR and SNIP
to rank those journals. So they select first and then the rank. Web of science,
on the other hand, has its own metric which is impact factor. They rank the journals
with impact factor and then select the top ones to a clear load of science, so
it’s kind of the opposite They’re looking for only the top
ranking so this is looking for content and then ranking the content. Impact
factor is a proprietary metric of web of science so, I’m going to try not to say
impact as much as possible today, but it’s just kind unavoidable it’s the best word for it. And we’ll talk more about what sites
or SJR and SNIP are in a moment. So, I would say when you’re looking at
rankings between the two, Scopus and Web of science, you will see
quite a bit of difference in what they consider the top journals. And that’s for
really three reasons. One is the metrics are calculated a little differently so
the numbers were actually different. The next is, obviously, how they select their
material so, some titles may be in one database, but not in the other at all and
then they also find their subject areas differently. Something that is the
top journal in plant science in one, may not be plant science at all in the other
database. So I think it’s interesting to compare between the two in your subject
area and see what are the differences, what are the top journals in each one. Okay that’s the end of the little first
section any questions so far? *audience member :I’ve been familiar with web science for a very long time, it had predecessor with big social science Citation Index and some
other various. How long has Scopus been?” That’s a great question and I have that
information, but I don’t have it in front of me. I think it’s been around for a while, there are
definitely kind of tie in products that also helps with your ads that we have access to.
One is called Somago, one is called (inaudible), you don’t have access to that one. Those are newer products. I think Somago has been around for
a while and it certainly has coverage going back a long way.
I can’t tell you for sure exactly when Scopus began. All right so let me go ahead and open up a browser because we’re going to get right into looking at this database. Hopefully yall can get to the library homepage. The easiest way to get Scopus from here is to go
under research databases over here in this blue box and the best option is
just ‘s’ for Scopus. You can also search by name but it goes slowly sometimes and
I try to avoid that instead of like this where its a whole bunch of names. And so I think it’s number
23. Okay, while we’re here I’ll just reiterate what we say every time
all of our databases are accessible on and off campus as long as you go through
this page you’ll be connected to our subscriptions. We’ll create an account in
a moment and that will affiliate you with Texas State, but it doesn’t give you
access as far as subscriptions just by logging in so you will have to go
through this page to use our full text finder to get at the hold of those full
text PDFs. This is what your main Scopus page will look like. We
have our search in the middle, some more features at the top, but we’re going to do
before we even start is create an account, you don’t already have one.I did already mentioned at the beginning, some of the benefits of
creating an account would be saving your searches, managing your alerts, creating
lists of favorites, and sending your preferences for export. So we’re going to
create an account using this button at the top. The email address you use does
not have to be a state email address since you went through our subscription
link from the library homepage it will associate you with Texas State, i tested this yesterday.
So you’re going to enter your email address and then they’ll send you an email
asking you to create a password. Just give a couple minutes to put
in our email address, check your email, make sure everything is working correctly. Has it worked for most people in the
room so far? Lets take a look at the account information over here on the right, it’s
hidden under, on our screens, up here of the video window, but there are three lines
in the top right corner and if we click it’s going to show us our account options.
Under my Scopus you’ll see you have your dashboard, your saved searches, alerts, and
save lifts these will save as we go along today and if you see anything
interesting you can save it to your lists. My organization should say Texas
State and then you also will be able to set other preferences as we go along
later so this is just gonna allow you to get the most out of Scopus. All right, we’re logged in, we’re ready to
go so, the first thing I’m going to talk about is the sources since we talked
about the unique ways to select the sources. Let’s take a look at what
sources it has selected. And up at the top you’ll see search and next week
you’ll see sources this is where we’re going to click. Right here at the top and
it’s gonna show a list of all of the sources included in Scopus. The number
I gave you on my Powerpoint was about 24,000 the number
here is 41,000 the reason is for including different source types. There
are journals in here, there are book series, your conference proceedings, and
their trade publications. Each subject is going to have different content. On the left we have a few facets to narrow down our search. We can
select only open access journals, we can choose by portals or the high ranked ones, the lowest ranked ones and again by source type. At the top we have a
subject area dropdown. It’s not a search box because Scopus is very particular
about its subject heading. They define the subject headings and that’s how
things are organized so, it is a check box. You can type it in to search within
the check box list but you’re defined by one it lists under its subjects. I’m
not gonna select anything, but later on you can do a search narrowing down
by subject area. When we look over here at the right we’ll see the list of
results and it sorted, you can see the orange arrow, eyesight’s for, the sites
for was Scopus specific metric that ranks the journals based on citation
counts. We’ll see specifically in a moment. The site score as with
impact factor and some other metrics does vary by subject. Some subjects will have
much higher sites where as in a whole than other subject areas. The top ones we can
see in this list the ones with the highest site scores for the most part
are scientific, medical in particular. And there is just something about that field
and the way the research works that really is benefited by the sites score.
Only journals can have a site score a person does not have a sites score,
a article does not have a site scored this is a journal level metric there are
other metrics will see later on but sites for is measuring the reach the
citation count of a journal. Next to that column will see the percentile and the
ranking within a particular subject area each of these journals might be more
than one subject but it lists the one that it’s the highest ranking right
there. As you flip fairness we kind of click through a lot today notice how
many of these things are clickable when you hover over them they turn orange and
you’ll get a little hover notification of what you’re looking at there are a
lot of different ways to drill down at this information there’s so many
different ways of sorting this and viewing this visualizing this
information so just be aware there are a lot of places to click and a lot of
things to do. Lets go ahead and click through to this top journal and see a
little bit more about what it can tell us about sources, so this is the number
one overall ranked journal the cancer journal there’s a little information up
here about this journal coverage years ISSN it gives us subject headings there
are multiple they’re closely related these are again defined by Scopus we
have the option to view all documents that lists everything that’s been
published in this journal during the time period that’s covered. We can set a
document alert what that will do is send you an email when you tell it to if
something new is published in this journal. So let’s take a look at what an alert box looks
like it named Hitler at the publication it has my email address but I can also
send it to someone else if I want to and then my frequency choices are every day
every week every month and you can define the day of the week this is
something you’ll manage under your own account
I can also save it to my source list this is kind of favoriting this journal just so
you can get back to it more easily. You see the subject areas appear hematology
and oncology over down here on the right and the bottom you’ll see where this
journal ranks in those subject areas this is number one overall of course it
is also number one in both of these subject areas. Other journals may be number
one in something number thirteen in something else just because of the
nature of those subject areas it really depends. Over here this bottom left area
is talking about the site’s course this is the again the focus metric that’s
determining how these things are ranked and it’s a pretty simple mathematical
equation it is dividing the number of citations in the year 2018 so 20,000
citations in 2018 of any document that was published between 2015 and 2017 of which
there are 126 so we’re looking at three years of publications how many times
with those 126 documents cited in the year 2018 and it’s just a simple
division and that’s the number we come up with. This is kind of moving target
every year it’s gonna be a little different you can see that down in this
dark gray box this is a projected number for this year based on what’s already
happened this year you can see it’s actually lower. That doesn’t mean that
it’s gonna go down in the rankings necessarily there’s kind of just a even flow in general to the research field so it may be that everyone goes down
about 40 points next year and so it ends up still being number one.
If we look under the next tab here ranking trends you can see this chart
shows how that number has changed over the past five years it has gone down
then it came back up again but if you look at the red line across the top
you’ll see the percentile never changed even though it went up and down it was
still pretty much the top journal every time and you can double check that by
changing this number 2018 in the sites for rank. I think this is interesting to
note that even in the category of Hematology the site score at 160 here is
still 20 times higher than the next journal in the list like this is a
really impactful journal it is just a massive number of citations. The next
column or the next tab here is the sites for presets sites . Sites scores starts out by
counting all documents that were published regardless of type it does
also give you the options to select out specific source types so if you are not
interested in review papers you can take those out it’s also going to take out
books it’s going to take out trade publications so if your particular field
cares particularly about articles and conference papers we can only look at
those and you’ll see if I select articles and conference papers the sites for
doubles again because the things that are being cited for miss journal are the
articles and commentators nineteen thousand to twenty thousand citations
but they may have reviews they may have letters in there
as well but those are not the things you’re getting cited. You can change the
preset and see how that effects the number. Last thing in this scope is content
coverage, this shows by year what documents were published so you can see
a list of them or you can see a citation overview. I am going to look look at 2015. This is showing me the papers that were
published in 2015 it shows me when they were sited. So with medicine there’s kind
of a drop off, often in citations. When they’re new they’re highly cited and then
eventually they kind of drop off at which is a little bit what we’re seeing here.
Looking down at this list this is a list of all of the publication’s from this
year and it shows a chart telling you which year each one was cited the most.
Looking down at number nineteen political cancer statistics this is kind
of the one that’s accounting for a lot of those citations in 2016 it’s twenty
seven hundred and four thousand forty six hundred a single outstanding article
can really affect the site’s board for a journal and then that’s why there are
couple other metrics to kind of even those out. Can you hold your question?
I just wondered what did you click on to get there? This is under the
focus content coverage, I meant the citation overview for 2015.
Again notice what is clickable, titles each of these numbers over here
we can drill down to this information and slice it up in a whole bunch
different ways. Last thing I’m going to talk about on
this page is this top right section these three metrics that you saw first
is a site score we know what that is we saw that equation there. The other
two are intended to kind of level the playing field between subject areas are
between journals. The (SJR) is a serial weighted metric which means citations
from higher ranked journals are weighted higher. So the number is smaller but that
may end up evening out generally across the subject area. Sir model is one that we do have
access to it’s a separate database in our database list.
The other one is snip and snip is a field weighted citation measure, it
compares a number of times this journal was cited compared to other expected citation
accounts in the field so that should level out or something like
history which maybe has its low site score because maybe three years is not
enough time for the citations to really count up. That should give a pretty more
fair I guess measurement across disciplines. The last thing I’m going to
show you up here actually is in the very top corner it says compare sources.
Comparing sources allows you to compare sources. You can select up to ten and it
can be whichever ones you want, and it will compare them on these different
measurements. I’m going to enter a title Nature Reviews Cancer and select that
one and it is now the red line on this chart.
So now I can compare the site score history of these two journals together. I
also have these other options the (SJR) metric, the snip metric, citations
by year, documents by year percent not cited by year and a percentage of review
articles per year. I think this is interesting because we see here there is a
big difference in sight score even though the Nature Reviews Cancer Journal
has more citations because they also publish a lot more articles. They get
more citations but it’s on more articles are just that their cite score number is lower. Again you
can select up to ten to prepare and with this and the other visualizations we’ll
see later you do have some options for exporting
this data. Up here under export experts with CSV file will export the
data into a table, it looks a lot like this one so to show you the numbers in
these columns that’s the CSV option. The zip
option is going to export versions of this chart. One I think is a PDF, I think
it’s a PowerPoint, and I think there’s a JPEG. So you can have this exact image
downloaded it or you can download the CSV and create your own graphs and charts with
that information. All right, any questions right now before we test this out? No questions? All right, so I’ve written
up a couple of activities for each of these different features. Just for you to
try it, just to make sure you understand how to do these things. I’m not gonna
test you on this it’s just for you to play around with it. So I’m going to give
you about three minutes and I would like you to go back to that source list,
choose the subject area, and find out the highest-ranked journal is and make sure
you know how to tell which other categories that journal is ranked in, how
many citations did it have in 2018 and whether or not the journal sites for
increased or decreased since 2017. The three minutes finish will stop around
2:34. I got stuck on the earliest part and I couldn’t keep up with you. So I
clicked on sources so how and where do I go next? To search the subject ares is right here. So you’ll click on
there and then you can search, and then it’s defined by its Scopus it yes but you
can type in to narrow it down since there are so many. So go
ahead and click on there and type psychology and there’s stuff of
different psychology options for you. ……….click on the title, move down to the right.
Can you select more than one? At a time, you are going to look up more categories………… You
just gotta check multiple boxes. and when you are clicking…….. clicking on the title of the journal…… it’s what we’ll show you more
information……………… just make sure you understand how to do those things and make sure you know where that
information is. (question being asked)…. This is the complete 2018 one and this is the projected 2019 one.
So 2019 one has not finished yet, so there will still be more citations to come.
I mean there’s so many ways to do it some of it is just you making
sure you feel good about it. If that works for you too I mean it also
is the top line on the sites score. I need 32 citations why does that other thing say 42? You only choose just ones from 2018? Yes I did. Okay alright, so…….. yes? I clicked the wrong thing to get 1718
trend. No you’re perfectly right here in just 30 it just shows you there’s a
number there and so it went up a little bit let me. Let me go ahead and run through this
again just so we’re all on the same page as far as how this will work. I’m going
to choose…… sources I’m going to go here for subject
area and select my subject area. I am choosing linguistics. It is weird that
there are two linguistics. Why not humanities and one social sciences. They’re
pretty similar. I’m checking to see which is the highest ranked journal and if the
artificial intelligence review by clicking on the title. It will show me that it’s also
in both of the literature and the languages and linguistics categories,
is also under artificial intelligence. How many citations did
have in 2018? 652 and that number is right here and did the journal site score
increase or decrease since 2017 and they check that all the random trends
and this one has gone up. It looks like quite a bit but the numbers are pretty
small in general….. So I don’t think Alright, so we’ve talked about the sources.
What questions do we have about the source list so far? There are no results for respiratory
care that is interesting. So let’s take a look. …….That is interesting there were
two different subjects for respiratory care . From pulmonary
and respiratory medicines………. Yeah I’m not sure I think what may be happening
here is that……. I actually cant explain that I cant explain that but I will see
if I can find something else and come up with an answer as far as why that might
be. I might end up emailed them just to find out because that does seem unusual
if there is a defining subject area. It seems like these would be where the journals for that subject area anyway……. interesting. So yeah okay, but yes I will
check on that and find out more. Alright, right our next feature is the search.
So you’ve seen what’s in there and we can do some searches now to get a little bit
closer to our research topic but so the search option is at the top next to
sources. One thing that is interesting about Scopus
is that it is pulling information from a lot of different publishers of months and
unlike other databases Scopus does not have its own control terms. So where
other databases might have a standardized thesaurus of terms
Scopus does not have that. So the keywords are not standardized across the
articles. What it will pull in though are controlled terms from other places. So
Triple E articles will come in with Triple E control terms. Medical
articles will come in with mesh turns so it will have control terms but there is
not one overarching controlled vocabulary for Scopus.Which means that
we’re going to have to keep our searches a little broader and there is actually a
function within the search that allows you to do that, it is a little different than
our other databases and i will show you right here. So example they give under the
search is cognitive architectures augmented architectures in quotation
marks. In our other databases that would be an exact search for this exact phrase.
It will keep it together in that order. In Scopus, the quotation marks
indicate a loose phrase so the exact opposite of ………..what
we’re used to. This is basically saying I will take cognitive architectures or
some related term something close to that. So quotation marks will give you an
approximate search, if you want an exact search which you might for institution names,
for country names if you need that phrase to be exact
we’re going to use curly brackets instead. United States that would be an
exact phrase search. Where are those brackets? it is………. Lets take a look. Above the square brackets, so the right your key. (question being asked) So yeah for some reason sometime you
have to click a couple times before it actually loads that page completely.. So we’re not going to do
that search right now, I just wanted to point that out because that is a very
unusual thing about doing this. Instead we’re going to go ahead and click on
this advanced button right here we’re going to look at the metadata that Scopus
has provided about all of this content. I’m gonna go ahead and erase that, its
not like it was just an illustration. Over on the right you’ll
see all of the different operators and field codes that we can use to build an
advanced search, so we click on the word advance…….. yeah the top ones are your boolean operators or
proximity operators. Clicking on the name will pull up a description and describe
what the thing does. Clicking on the plus is what’s gonna add it to your search.
This is something that I’m still not used to , so I’m gonna make a mistake
and we’ll all learn together but these are your operators and easy to fill codes.
The ones I want to point out particularly are the subject areas down here. We saw
these in the source list but this is just an illustration that it is science
heavy, but there are a lot of social sciences as well. This database is pretty
evenly split between these four categories there’s about 25 percent of
each. Social sciences includes everything that’s not sciences basically. So if we open up one
of these categories we don’t see a lot of options you don’t see very specific
search options but clicking on any of these names will show you a list of the
subjects that are included. So under social sciences were seeing anything from
archeology, education, law, linguistics a lot of different things
These are broad searches. These are are just the broad headings that are gonna help us sort
subjects between different things. Today I’m going to do a practice search on an
engineering topic. So I am opening physical sciences, I’m going to use the + next to
engineering and that’s now popped up in my searches. I’m gonna make sure to
add an and less stuff here. Make sure your cursors is in the right
place it does this weird thing where it will start embedding parts of your
screens within other parts of your screen so just make sure your cursor is
always at the end. The next thing I’m going to look at is affiliations. Affiliations is
the second and codes list and this allows you to identify the author’s
affiliations so selecting city country organization will give you results where
at least one of the authors has that affiliation doesn’t have to be all of them
but at least one. If you were to choose Brazil for the country one of the
authors must be from Brazil the other ones could be from anywhere else. So in
my search right now i am going to do the country search and I’m using curly brackets for
an exact search for South Korea. So one of my authors in the search results must
be from South Korea. I am going to add another. I’m not going to use this right now for my
search but I also want to point out funding right here………..funding this is
something that Scopus has collected about all of the research in there. It
can tell you who sponsored the research if there’s a great number it will allow
you search on that. Funding sponsors will be the full name of the sponsor, the
sponsor acronym would be be……… So NIH would go under acronym. National
Institute of Health would go under sponsor. I’m not going to use that right now but
that’s a really useful interesting thing for your research. I’m just going to do a quick
loose search for drugs and this is my search so in the subject of engineering
whether these one author affiliated with an institution in South Korea looking
for the work drawings (question is being asked)
I am and I don’t know that you need to but its just a loose search of the same like
terms. ……….Yeah so I get six hundred
forty four document results. On the left we have the facets like we would expect
to see in any of our databases. You can select open access only or any
publications. We have year, we have all their main subject areas. We’re seeing
again those same facets we saw in the advanced search but this just may be an
easier way of handling them than trying to put together an advanced search. So it
may be that he wants with a simple search and then use the facets later on.
I kind of just wanted to show you the facets in the advanced search. There
are other things down here, publications staged document type, source title. Keywords
down here these are the keywords that are assigned by other publications and
you can see my second option is thrones the fourth option is drone they’re not
controlled and not controlled at all so it may help you search but really this
is not a very precise search we’re not trying to find two or three perfect
articles here we’re trying to see the body of research on this topic roughly. If we need to make changes we’re going
to go to this edit button at the very top to edit your search query doesn’t it
take you back to the advanced search page. We also have the option to save
this search so this will be in your account you can go back to it later on
it’ll do the exact same search. We can set an alert again you saw how the
alerts work. Daily and maybe monthly. For new publications that meet the weekly
search criteria, or you can send RSS feed I don’t think a lot of people do that
anymore. When we look at our results they default to sort on newest first but I
think one of the interesting things is to sort by cited and by highest because, we
can see within the 644 articles which ones I cited at most
times. This is clickable so I’m able to see
within Scopus which articles site at this one and that’s what these citation
counts are it’s only counting articles within Scopus that cited this one. So
we’re not talking about all citations that number may be a lot bigger. We are only counting the things that are included in Scopus. And of course we know that whatever
is most cited it is not the best paper necessarily but it’s interesting and
it’s worth looking at the next. So thats why it is interesting to sort that way. There are
options for export, you’re going to select the ones you want to export and
then for export options are right here. We have found there are some severe
limitations to export. We were working with a researcher who wanted to find
every paper published in Brazil over a ten year period it is millions and millions
of papers and he wanted every piece of information that there was. It’s not
possible to download that much information if you want all of the
information that Scopus provides, it will allow you to download that information
for 2,000 articles. if you are doing a citation analysis it should be fewer than 2000. If
you want just citation information of just this first column, it will allow
20,000 so a pretty good number is still not everything that has been published in Brazil.
If you are exporting to a citation manager Mendeley will allow 500 at a time.
Refworks or endnote or another citation manager will allow two thousands at a time.
So there are limitations on how much you can pull out of here and put
somewhere else but there are ways around that by narrowing your search a little
bit. The first time you make a selection here and hit export that will save as
your preference so you don’t have to make that selection again it’ll just
default to it. Mine defaults to end note because that’s what I use and it defaulted
to these two combs and that’s why exported time. It is so much better being
logged in. Before we click through I know we’re going very quickly but actually not
going that quickly and I’m running out of time. How are we doing so far on the searching? We’ll try some…… “yeah I mean I did a
search with like subject area our affiliation, Texas State University and
then I did another limiter to subsidiary arts like from this screen.
You know I was following you on the other screens, so I did that on there.
Then I did even the United States but…………………. arts is a broad
category, but if you look at the if you go back to the advanced list and click
on arts and humanities it’ll show you what’s also included in there and it’s a
alot of stuff. I’ve made an advanced search page. So go to
edit and then down here in this area click on the actual name and it’ll show
you a list of it. There’s a lot of stuff in there. Plus some of them are comparable as
multidisciplinary so they are going to compare traumas hearts to humanities without
really being arts and humanities “okay it was bringing it up like psychology” “measuring international knowledge in a
psychology studio. So how would I find as much as possible publish material in that.” So I think you did a great search there
so it’s a precise curly bracket search. It says over 3000 and non of them seem close. Scroll down and we will go ahead and
select just a few more subject areas. I’m not sure, that will narrow it down and
then make sure you limit it…… the thing should be at the bottom and the top.
………. and limit too but really what I want to know is international knowledge possessed
by students. Well we can search within the results as well so you
might search as well for students, so now you have it to 1,100 you can keep
searching and narrowing down from here. I have not put students in yet.
You type students right there. Why did it drop down so quickly? It just gave you a space to search like a typing space.
I want to know the knowledge possessed by the students. okay so make
sure you hit your search here. So now you are at 2,024. you still want social sciences so there
may be some things that are not psychology. you may want to look within the subject
area for psychology specifically it would be a human yes there’s psychology
and there limit to again this is a very small number but again international
knowledge you did choose a specific search it may be even in this database
because there are not those controlled terms. The loose search might be better
for that. A loose search with only quotation marks, instead of the curly brackets.
There’s a lot of playing around with this, because there is not the same control
terms that are gonna make things standardized for you. So I’m going to go ahead and click through one of these articles titles. and just show you a little bit about
what you can find about articles. The top section is pretty standard, title
author’s names, affiliation abstracts. We have keywords that were
provided from the other databases from isolates of the engineer control terms.
and uncontrolled terms and as you can tell here
this one actually misspelled the word vehicles so they are it’s really
uncontrolled terms like these are not going to be very useful and unlike other
databases these are not clickable so these are just they’re helpful but
they’re not going to be great . This list down here is the 35 items in this article
bibliography. If their in Scopus, you can click straight to them
it lists how many times each of these is recited. even if they’re not in Scopus. This
article is not in Scopus, this particular publication did not get selected but
still it has been cited four times and we’re able to see that information there. On the right side from the bottom up we
have a box for related documents and this is related based on a commonality
of references that they have references in their list in common.
Next is “cited by”, so there are 169 focused documents that cited the one we’re
looking at are listed here and we can click through to find out more
information about these. We can set a citation alert for this article which will
let us know when someone new has cited it. So, this may be something you want to
do for your own publications eventually. Then the top box is metrics.These are our article
level metrics so it’s not cite score cite score is just for journals, instead we’re
looking at plum X metrics which are an alternative to our global metric it shows
kind of the reach of this article, how many people are able to get eyes on this
article. It’s showing citations is showing usage it’s showing captures it
may also show social media posts if that’s something that happens with this
article this is just a way for you to understand how this article is making
its way out into the world Okay. It feels like we’ve all been kind of
practicing searching a little bit, but if you want to practice an activity I have
a couple sample searches for you to try. We’ll give it maybe like another couple minutes, 2:57pm-ish just try these searches and see if you’re able to get close to these
searches. *Audience member asked an inaudible question* Jessica: it was an affiliation country but if I
wanted to Brazil or Brazil and yes you Audience member: What if I wanted to do Brazil or Brasil with an “S”? You can yeah, I think it is, since the
purpose is an English language database I think they are normalized to Brazil
with a Z because they are pre protective of their metadata as far as that goes
not control terms, obviously but all of these categories. So, it should not have
options where there’s Brazil with an “S” Just because we are running out of time, I will
go ahead and show you how I would do these searches. The first one is
veterinary science articles from Brazil from 2015 to 2018, we’re starting with subject
areas. It is a health science, veterinary. I’m going to show you the affiliation
country, Brazil I’m not going to do anything else here in
this advanced search, but you can select the years here, but I find it too difficult so
I’m gonna go to the limiters instead and select here This is what it would look like if you
wanted to put it in your advanced search it would say limit to pub. year 2018
or limit to pub year 2017 or limit to one
and so on, but instead I used the fastest and that really worked pretty well. There are nearly nine thousand articles that meet that search. The other sample search
was “open access documents funded by NASA” from researchers in Houston this is an
affiliation city Houston I’m going to choose my funding sources and I have
done the search already so I know that I’m going to need two “funding
“sponsor NASA” and I’m going to need “or” funding “acronym NASA” so it’s not affiliation
access but if we’re looking for ones Audience member: So it’s not an affiliation, NASA is not? Jessica: I think we are looking for ones that they paid for. We’re gonna look
under “funding sponsor” I’ll show you in a moment, a lot of them
actually are perform researchers at NASA which seems a little sketchy but there’s
that…… but here’s 480 results so I’m we can there’s open access under access type. there are 107 documents that meet that
search this is something I want to get an alert for I can set up my alerts this
way and I would get new notifications like something view from…
Houston funded by NASA came out. Quick break for questions before we look at
some of our visualization options anything pressing right now?…. okay
so any search that you do however big or however small you’re able to analyze those
search results and that can be at the maybe 5 article level it’s always tough
when I have multiple things to compare. or we can look at our entire search so
I’m going to use this search that I just did and select all. So if you have a
search matter which one it is go ahead and select all and we’re going to
analyze the search results and its this button right above. This is now giving us a
variety of different data comparing the articles in this body on different
measures. What’s nice is there’s a lot of data we can select by a year range we
have some different options as well and other visualizations what we do not have
the option of doing is changing the way it displays. Scopus defines which type of
graph we see for each chart which is a little frustrating but you can export
the data and create your own graphs and charts. So the one of the top is the
number of documents by year so which year have been most publications or this
search per year by source you can select up to 10. These are the most frequent
publications in this search result so the top one has 20 of the 107
articles are from the Astrophysical Journal
when we select up to 10 we have the option of going back to some of the sources we have seen
before when we compared our journal sources so we compared are two cancer
journals were able to do that with the sources listed in this search as well. We
can look at documents like all thirst this is listening who has written the
most of these papers so this may be if you’re working on a particular subject
who might you reach out to for collaborations by affiliation where do
these people work again who’s doing the kind of work that you’re interested in
it is for the most part NASA. It also shows some we looked at
Houston company because disjoin Cal Tech we’re looking also a co-author
affiliations same with country territory we’re looking for research in Houston
but we’re seeing other countries because they have co-authors from other
countries. Notice again any of these are clickable so I can see just these
results, but if I type much of these are articles couple of reviews he popped
his papers on one letter, but In subject area we’re looking at multidisciplinary work
for the most part ears of which other subject areas are being represented and
finally by funding sponsors we selected NASA for this one so obviously that’s
every paper is funded by NASA but we also have some other funders as well so
this is maybe another opportunity for you say who’s paying for the type of
research that I want to do or should I be looking for to give me a drink
formally again we can export using this export button the CSV file is going to
export essentially this table…………so even
though it says 104 documents you’re not seeing a list of the 104
documents you’re just seeing that NASA has 104 documents. This will allow you to
create your own graphs charts but you’re going to drill down a little more and
commute a list and the zip file again is showing you the image of these graphs
and charts in a couple different formats That was a little brief section
but I like this line away from visualizations I think they are cool, I think
they are useful like I said any search that you do can be analyzed in this way
and obviously it’s gonna be more or less results interesting thing to compare briefly I have a quick thing for you to
test…. You probably already have …. most of us were following along with
this but just make sure that you understand how we can find out what year most
favorable coverage, which funding fonts are providing under keyless documents on
what are some of the related separate areas so quickly since we don’t have a
lot of time to show you that which years is the stop once a year so in this case
it is 19 and 2014 19 to 2017 its equal. we can also sort here…………. the next question was funding sponsors so this one which was
the search for NASA, so it is gonna be NASA and then the one thing is some of
the related subject areas it’s mostly for the planetary sciences Astronomy. Put
some interesting things in here as well one on an amino immunology, ………..
agriculture stuff, other includes nursing, mathematics, material science, so a lot of multidisciplinary
research by these researchers. I’m going to keep trucking along towards the last section, unless
we have any questions? all right this last section is authors and affiliations. So we can search for topics or we can look at an individual researcher or an
individual institution. And these are separate searches with documents
searches, so I am going to search by topic “Authors” is going to search by author
“Affiliations” by organization, so this is pretty proud of this disambiguation
the way it has combined authors regardless of how they published and
separated authors even though their names are similar, so this should be a
pretty accurate search for the most part. We can search by last name, first name
and affiliation or by orchid ID if you happen to know it. I’m gonna do a search
here for Denise Trauth. We have three options, how do I know which is the right one. It gives me some clues the first one: if the person has published under different
name, that name will be listed underneath. There are multiple names for this person
we can also see the affiliation. This is going to be generally the last place
this person published, none of them say Texas State because the one we’re
looking for has not published apparently at Texas State or at least what has
been publish at Texas State didn’t make it to say this so that would be
another clue, a really important person. These facets might also help if you know the
person you’re looking for published in a journal called “Clay Minerals” that’s
gonna help you narrow down as well. This is obviously gonna be a much bigger deal
for a John Smith or something like that You can also see under “view last title,”
the name of their most recent publication, another clue as to which one
is the one we’re looking for It lists here the number of documents in Scopus…..
returned so is this applicable so I can see what each of these things is and also
have a column for each index which we will look at in a moment when we click
through. What you may also notice is that this first person is clickable, the
second person is clickable, this third person is not clickable and that is
because she only has one document in Scopus and so this profile is not generated
until you have two documents in Scopus so I only have one document in Scopus, so I don’t have a profile yet either. Regardless of how many papers you’ve
published it has to be in Scopus for you to have a profile. Turns out the one we want is this second one and so this is the page for this particular author. If this
person had alternate names or published under a different name. It would be posted here. We also have the option here for viewing potential author matches. This is going to show
you any as yet unassigned papers by someone with a similar enough name that
it could be them. So, if you’re looking at a John Smith you might see all the J
Smith papers that haven’t yet been assigned to anyone. If you think you found a match, if it’s yourself for example, you can suggest to Scopus that that these two can be combined, it is reviewed by Scopus but that will allow you to merge accounts. Not account, programs. So, in this case there are none. It shows the subject areas this person published in, again since many of these topics are kind of multidisciplinary it
may seem like they don’t fit together but they kind of do. We’re looking at
documents by authors so it says that is this 7 that are in there. When we analyze
the author’s output this is going to be similar to their visualization you
just saw but for this specific person by source, by type, by year, by subject. We can also see that these papers these 7 papers have been cited
17 times in Scopus, this citation and review is like the one we saw for the
source which was kind of a table for each publication by year. And we have the
author’s in each index and I don’t have time to get into what that means but if
you click through there’s a good visualization of what the h-index means.
They’re not only you get to see a number and kind of see how that’s calculated as well. The age index is the author level metric that kind of compares the output of authors for the
Diplomax metrics, maybe it’s for an article and the cites for it for a journal.
We have citations and trends here so the blue is when the documents were published and red is when they were cited. This is a list of the documents. They also
have the documents that’s cited this author and a list of the published co-authors. Where you see “View them in search results format” this will allow
you to analyze these search results in the way we just did with all of the
visualizations. This box up here “profile actions” is pretty important for
yourself. Is this you? If you find your own profile you’re able to claim it. That
means that you have ownership of it, you’re able to see what happens you can
make certain changes and if you request certain changes they know that it’s you
and so they will go ahead with them. You can edit author profiles certain ways, make corrections, change affiliation, maybe there are some papers that don’t belong
to you that you want to take out. That’s why you would do that there. You can connect to your ORCID ID, what this can do is push content from Scopus to ORCID this
will help populate your ORCID profile. It cannot work the other way, so if there
are things on your ORCID ID profile that are not included in Scopus, you can’t put
them in Scopus. Scopus is limited to what is in Scopus.
Well you can push and populate your ID profile on the other end. And then of
course there’s an alert so you can find out when this author has been cited, when
this author has published a new document, or just save to your list of favorite
authors. For our last thing today, I would just like you to take a look, find yourself
if you’re in there and claim your profile or take a look for the Texas
state affiliation page. I didn’t really talk about affiliations, but the page
it’s very similar to the author page, the search is a separate search but you just
search by the title of the affiliation and find out what subject area has the
highest document count. Claiming the profile I think is most important, so that would be the thing I would have you definitely do before the end of this
session. *Audience member: If you find an article that you wrote, you think it already knows that I’m me? Jessica: Mhhmm you don’t have a profile yet because you only have one document so you can’t claim anything, but this is you, yeah. *Audience member:” Before I I try to find myself, I’ve located some useful sources and I like taking on with a sudden. Jessica: yeah go ahead and check the ones you like. The easiest thing to do right now would be if you look up top higher….. state to list that’s just a statement to
your account you can name and wherever you want and then it’ll be up in this
menu when you come back the next time yeah say you know what……
cancel out of this for now select everything you want and then go back to
saves list, yeah hopefully you were able to find yourself, if you wanted to I
will show you quickly an affiliation search. So we’re on author search…..
affiliation is right next to it again they are pretty proud of their
disambiguation so it should work pretty well if you’re typing in there we don’t come up
I don’t know why yeah we’re not in this drop-down it’s unfortunate …for
whatever reason they also think our main display name to Texas state not Texas
State University that’s considered an alternate but there we are a brief
mention of these two different columns here it’s kind of confusing but
affiliation is the thing that’s named institution isn’t…. it is larger
institution around that so if for example the University had a Cancer
Research Center the Cancer Research Center will be through the affiliation. The university
would be the institution so that’s why those two numbers are sometimes
different. Clicking through we can see I can follow this affiliation if I’m
interested in what else we’re working on but these are the subject areas in
scopus they are mostly circumstances because that’s a broad category but then
medicine, engineering, computer science psychology those are our big areas. All right always focusing on this other yeah…
Give me one second let me wrap it up and I’ll stop the recording and then we can
we can take a look so that was everything I was going to talk to you
about it’s a lot of content and we have so much more than we could look at but
hopefully that was helpful are there any questions other than
specific search questions that we want to answer before we stop the recording.
Well are you connected to the library or the school of science or… in the
library so we can come in for here yeah definitely if you want to like set up a
another meeting sometime and we can look through specific things are also
freshers now is here she knows how to do it now so you can talk to her. definitely
if you want to go through a more specific search come in and you can have
it we can all have a meeting if necessary I don’t see any questions on
chat either but hopefully everyone was able to kind of follow along there okay
I am going to stop the recording right now Thanks ……..

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