How to Develop a Good Research Topic

In this video, you will learn how to
develop a good research topic. To start out, let’s first answer the question “Why is it important to know how to develop a good research topic?” Think of it this way: during your time as a student, and perhaps even later, you will probably write a good number research papers. While some instructors might provide you
with a list of research topics to choose from, others might not; you’ll have to choose your own topic. So, what can you write about? Well let’s first answer the question, “What makes a topic really good?” Three things worth mentioning here: First, it’s a topic that strongly
interests you. This is very important. Make sure that the topic you pick (the topic you will write about) is a topic that interests you, fascinates you, and that you want to talk about. Really, there is nothing worse than
spending a lot of time writing about a topic that bores you. Second, make sure your topic is creative. What do we mean by that? Well, there are some topics that have just
been written about over and over and over again. Can you come up with a topic that perhaps hasn’t been covered that much? Try to pick something that is creative and
exciting to you and your peers. Writing about Shakespeare’s dramas is great, but that topic in itself has been covered extensively. Try to find something that might be a
little more creative than that. And third, speaking of Shakespeare’s
dramas, make sure you pick something that is not too broad. Look at your assignment prompt. How many pages are you supposed to write? If you get a five page paper as an assignment, ‘Shakespeare’s dramas’ is just going to be a little bit too broad. So, make sure that the topic
you choose fits the scope of your paper. Sometimes, it can be really difficult to find a topic that is not too broad. Here are a couple of words of advice on
what to do when your topic seems too broad. Let’s say you are in an environmental science class. Your teacher gives you this assignment
prompt: “Write a research paper on a topic
dealing with a current environmental issue.” “Your paper should not exceed five
pages and should be based on a topic that
strongly interests you.” Well, you say, that’s no problem! I know exactly what to write about. I saw this show the other day on TV and it talked about the effects deforestation on Gorillas in Africa. I think that’s a great topic. I know it interests me and it’s creative, so let’s write about it. Well, not so fast. Remember, your paper is only supposed to be five pages. How are you going to fit that topic into a five page paper? That’s going to be difficult. So what could
you do instead? The key is to add more context. For example, you could add some
geographical context your paper. Is there a geographic region or country
in which gorillas are specifically affected by deforestation? Perhaps you want to focus more on a historical context. Is there a certain time aspect you want to write about? Perhaps the time when deforestation
really started to affect gorillas? And third, with this topic, you could also add biological context. Perhaps there’s a specific subspecies of the gorilla that you’re interested to write about. So, when we combine all three contexts and incorporate them into the original
topic, this is what we get: something like “Current effects of deforestation on the
Mountain Gorilla in Southwest Uganda.” We were able to incorporate the historical context, the biological context, and the
geographical context. Adding context truly is a great way of narrowing your topic.

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