Canada. History of Canada in a Nutshell.


Canadians some think, hockey Beavers and
snow but do we see the whole picture? Hear the story of Canada… The first Europeans who reach the coast of present-day Canada are the Vikings. In 1001 a viking named Leif Eriksson sails off the Iceland, discovers
the Greenland and decides to explore further to reach a new land which he calls
Vineland but sails away… Some time later the
Vikings return and fund small settlements in present-day Canada, however somehow
they are forced to leave… different natives are inhabiting these lands already
mostly Algonquian language group speakers. They establish the Council of
three fires a defensive alliance created to defend against the Iroquois people. In
future the Europeans will use animosities among the natives against
them. The lands of present-day Canada become forgotten until the end of the
15th century Henry the seventh patrons the mission across the Atlantic which,
John Cabot leads… Cabot discovers present-day Newfoundland and
names it a Newfoundland. A bit later Jacques Cartier a Frenchman initiates
two expeditions and on the day of Sant Lawrence sails into a river its name
then, becomes Saint Lawrence River the interesting part is since his journey
the territories being colonized by the French start to be called Canada during
the expedition a local native guiding the French is pointing villages with his finger
saying… Canada which in the huron iroquois language meant a settlement the name
canada developed from the word “Kanata” until the beginning of the 17th century
no European settlement survived… Samuel de Champlain founds the first settlement up North from Florida… then decides to sail up the Saint Lawrence River to establish
Port Royal and later on creates a settlement named after the local
language meaning… narrow River Quebec Acadia a French
colony in America is formed. Meanwhile the English find North
America appealing. Henry Hudson sailing along the coast
discovers bay and gives it a name the Hudson Bay the year is 1629 one of the
bloodiest conflicts in the history of Europe continues… It is the 30 Years War
which also resounds across the ocean English corsairs take Quebec without a
fight but in 1632nd the French retake it and in 1642nd establish
another settlement Montreal… The first trade undertakings in Canada are led by the Franch. They are establishing trading companies and dominate the coast the
English want to profit and must seek routes up north in the year of 1670 they
form a Hudson Bay Company they focus on the fur trade and competition between
the English and the French continues the French developed settlements until the
1685th the population of New France reaches 10,000 people by 1740 it will
expand fivefold European colonization brings ineffective Christianisation of
the natives but Canada becomes a profitable fur and skin business center… With the
arrival of the 18th century the French control of Canada starts to weaken. After
the war of the Spanish Succession France is forced to acknowledge the British
control over the Hudson Bay and the Newfoundland. The UK expands its
possessions… Up until the middle of the 18th century the tensions between the
two powers will rise, to be finally decided during the Seven Years War the British takeover the French territories
and face the possibility of rebellion… Therefore expel the
french-speaking population south. France loses the war and in the Treaty of Paris
is forced to give up all their territories in Canada to the British. Canada becomes
British… However the French population remains a formidable power the British
decide to treat the french carefully… the American Revolution breaks out and the
colonists from the south hope that Canadians will join them in a joint
fight against the crown. Their hopes are futile Canadians are tired of wars… unlike the south there are prosperity depends on
exports to Britain… it is dependent on good relations with London Canadians do not
want to fight. The Americans attack but… defeated near Quebec… retreat.
The wars in North America come to an end. the United States gains independence and the British settlers from the thirteen colonies being against the revolution
move to Canada… British Parliament splits the old French territories in half… George Vancouver sailing along the west
coast of Canada gives a discovered Island his name Vancouver. Travelers
undertake inland explorations… In 1812 the USA declares war on the British
and invades Canada for second time in history in Canadian memory Laura Secord
becomes a national hero. At her house the American forces established on HQ she
overhears their plans of attack and walks 32 kilometres on foot to warn the
Canadians… the US army retreats again. At the beginning of the nineteenth century
population is growing fast… timber industry becomes more important than
fur trade. Canals are created to move resources thanks to sufficient building
materials shipyards are growing… Canada inspired with the US Liberty starts to
voice out demands for democratic reforms in Upper and Lower Canada two rebellions
break out the rebels want to overthrow the British and create a republic they
are pacifie, but give a clear message the British who remember the American
Revolution agree to concessions… reforms begin and in the end lead to Canadian
autonomy. The Act of Union joins Upper and Lower Canada “responsible government”
concept forms and the French and the British Canadians are forced to work
together to achieve a mutual goal the United Kingdom and the U.S. sign the
Oregon Treaty which ends the border disputes. British Columbia and the Vancouver Island become British. Canada finally
gains democratic self-government and all its provinces join in one dominium by
the name of Canada… Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa for the capital. However the economic growth is weak based on future estimates until the
beginning of the 20th century it will grow only 1% percent per year. Period is close to stagnation many Canadians emigrate to the US the formal rule… stays in the
hands of the British monarchy. Canadian government sends expeditions up north and creates the northern territories… That leads to “Red River rebellion” in the
areas inhabited by Metis population the rebellion ends in a deal and the
government creates Manitoba. In the year of 1871 the British Columbia becomes
a province with the expansion of the railways the end of the 19th century
sees economic revival and rapid growth of the population. Immigrants from the UK
and Eastern Europe arrive vast prairies opened for settlement. Canada developes…
in 1896 in Klondike a Gold Rush breaks out Yukon territory*[Mistake] is established to
control the situation in 1905 Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Confederacy.
The beginning of the century marks an economic boom in Canada the country
becomes the fastest developing country in the world up until the first world
war… Being part of the British Empire as a dominium english-speaking Canadians
see no contradiction in being Canadian and a British… at the same time. Canadians
are expected to give their lives in the name of the Empire. London is not
disappointed over 60,000 Canadian soldiers die at Ipres, Somme
and Vimy Ridge. Over 400,000 canadians fight and about 200,000 is injured.
Traumatic experience changes Canada some historians call the first world war
a bloody tribute for independence and some a birth of the nation. The
casualties make the public opinion see the senselessness of dying for British
interests. Trauma starts to make them see themselves as separate from the British.
The early interwar period is the time of prosperity and evolving consumerism.
Canada transmitts the first hockey radio audition in history and in nineteen
twenty third signs the “Halibut treaty” the first deal with the U.S. excluding
British involvement. However, along the recession and coming of the 30s Canada
faces significant losses in exports weakend Great Britain acknowledges the
autonomy of its dominions, with the “Statute of Westminster” however it keeps
its right to change their constitution and establishes an office of the
Governor General. Unemployment rate reaches 23%.
The price of gas is so high that cars pulled by horses start to appear on the Canadian roads.
Around 1939 recession reaches its peak… Second world war erupts and takes around 45,000 of Canadian lives. Canadians take massive losses and after
many years they will accuse the British of treating their men as a cannon fodder.
During the d-day Canadians reach the farthest inland positions and back home
the first socialist government in North America in history comes to power.
In 1949 Newfoundland decides to join Canada as the 10th province. After the
war Canada experiences another economic boom new waves of immigrants come to
Canada and diversify its society. In 1960 in Quebec a quiet revolution takes place
the Liberals bring secularization to education. In 1980 the province of Quebec decides not to become independent but a year later bans the English language on
the road signs. In the year of 1982 Great Britain legislates Canada acts and
enables it to make amendments to its constitution the same year Canada
legislates a new constitution. you

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