Hello, I am John McDonald. I am editor and trainer for Academia for Cactus Communications. And… In this session, I want to give a few tips about language errors. Some of these language errors may be due to the fact that many of you watching are non-native speakers of English. And so, I would like to talk today about some common errors that as an editor, I’ve had to make changes to. The first mistake that many writers make is, ‘Starting sentences with a number.’ It’s important not to do this especially when writing about research. If you finish a sentence with a number, and you start the next sentence with the number, it’s possible for the reader to be a bit confused and think that the previous number is just a decimal. And then… Again, it looks messy. There’s confusion. So, as an example I can say that 150-nanometer thick indium tin oxide was deposited as a transparent current spreading layer. Alright. This sentence is a little bit confusing. The point is 150-nanometer thick ITO layer. There’s three ways that you can change this. I can change this putting a transition on “Note that a 150-nanometer thick ITO layer was deposited.” I can change that. I can put words at the beginning of a sentence. I can write instead of saying, “150-nanometer”, I can write “One hundred and fifty nanometer.” I can write the full term. Or, I can put a different type of transition. I can say, “In this study,” And so, there a three different ways to overcome the fact that at the beginning in this subject you need a number. Mistake number 2 is common when people are writing a draft. And when they are writing a draft, they don’t like to insert the proper symbols. And so, when looking at a multiply sign, it isn’t the ‘X’ on the keyboard. When looking at the microgram, if I say that there is 150-microgram per milliliter Micro is not a ‘U’. It’s a different symbol. It’s important to put the proper symbol in your paper when you submit your paper for publication. Mistake number 3 deals with the simple fact between I know that there are differences between English and Korean, English and Chinese, English and Japanese There are no spaces between numbers and units. And so when looking at an example If I say the body weight of beagles ranged between 5 kilograms and 10 kilograms, there needs to be a space between the 5 (space) kilograms, 10 (space) kilograms. It’s a simple thing. But when an editor… When a reviewer is reading your paper, it’s something that doesn’t look good. It’s easy to fix. It’s just noticing. But it’s a mistake that people commonly make.